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Exhibition of the Goddesses of the Earth
Cultural Office of Austria / Istanbul January 2004

 Presentation by Prof.Mehmet Zaman Saçlıoğlu

( Page 1 )

The Mother Goddess was in love with a young man named , Attis. She was angry when she heard that Attis was going to marry to the daughter of Pessinus King and went to the wedding ceremony. She influenced Attis enough to make him go and made him crazy and had him castrate himself. As soon as the blood of his testes touched the ground , plants began to spring up grow and Attis turned into out to be a pine tree.

Almost all earth and fertility abundance myths have death and rebirth motifs. In this myth , the flowing blood and the loss of virility to gain a universal characteristic , and the spread of fertility abundance and the life are death and rebirth motifs. The little boy sitting on the lap of the Mother Goddess is Attis. Attis symbolizes both the man and the son of the Mother Goddess. It is known that the source of the belief in the Mother Goddess belief is in Anatolia. According to the excavations in Çatalhöyük, the Mother Goddess has a past dating back to 6000-7000 B.C.

The seated figures with large hips, belly and full breasts are all of the Mother Goddess. Some have little boy figures on their breasts while some have lions standing next to them. Lions are the signs that the Mother Goddess is the ruler of the nature. Nature, earth and the Mother Goddess are all contained with in each other. The Mother Goddess (nature) is fertile . The God Kronos, also known as namely The Time, ingests whatever she gives birth to. Kronos is both the man and the brother of the Mother Goddess. The Mother Gooddess was called with various names, such as Kybele, Kubaba, Kybebe, Hepat, Mâ, Marienna, Arinna, Isis, Lat, Hrea, Artemus and Venus in different eras and regions.

The prominent clear triangles beneath their abdomens represent the motherhood, femininity and fertility . Statues of the Mother Goddess statues can also be seen in temples. The genitals of most of these statues have been were worn away. Those who came to worship wishing fertility have touched these areas and wore away the Mother Goddess.

Abundance and fertility, the characteristics of the nature and the earth, have been symbolized in woman by the Mother Goddess.The power of creativity can be likened assimilated to the Mother Goddess from a certain point of view in some points . It is a non-stop universal power of creativity leading constantly to new artists and artworks. Besides having different names in every era and region it reaches a different shape in each artist's work.



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